PM Earth

Key Project Management Concepts

26 July 2007

Key Project Management Concepts

MPOM's key concepts learning pages provide in-depth information on these topics critical to PMO success

Project Planning Software and Assessment explains the methods of gap analysis and gap reconciliation. Any situation, issue, or problem can be defined through gap analysis and resolved through gap reconciliation. This includes both technical issues and also human factors, such as resistance to the changes brought about by the PMO's implementation of new standards. Understanding gap analysis and gap reconciliation will allow planning of each aspect of a PMO effectively, and perform both initial and ongoing assessments of PMO performance and the organization's project management capability and maturity.

Standards for project management provide an basis for quick, efficient adoption of project management throughout an organization. A PMO applies standards to improve project performance rapidly. This page describes the two most prominent global standards organizations, the standards they work with, and how MPOM supports the creation of a PMO that meets and exceeds global standards.

Capability to perform online project management and deliver successful projects is discussed in depth. An organization's project management capability is a defined measure of its ability to deliver acceptable project results consistently on time and within budget.

Best Practices meet or exceed standards, and provide the highest level of capability to an organization. This section will teach how to identify, deploy, and support project management best practices in the organization served by the PMO.

PMO Types. PMOs can be categorized several different ways. First, one must distinguish Project Offices, Project Management Offices, Program Management Offices, and Portfolio Management Offices. Then it is possible to explore how a PMO evolves over time, from a Basic PMO that starts up and provides a small core of valuable services, to the Standard PMO offering a wide variety of services, to the Advanced PMO that focuses on maturity and best practices, and is sometimes called a Center of Excellence (COE).

The topic of multiple PMOs within a single company is also addressed. Lastly, we can consider the PMO's management approach. Some PMO's focus on providing supportive services, others on controlling and assuring project management performance, and others follow a directive model, taking direct control of projects to assure their success.

PMO Influence. A PMO succeeds in as much as project management improves throughout the entire organization. Therefore, the PMO must influence larger divisions so that they do better project management and achieve better outcomes. The keys to establishing and maintaining influence are discussed on this page.

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